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Severe Weather Alert Update: 12:40 pm, Dec. 9, 2018

All Wake Forest Baptist Health clinics, including Urgent Care locations, will be closed Monday, Dec. 10.

Information for employees: Staff and faculty members are encouraged to review the Severe Weather Policy and the Severe Weather Guidelines for information related to attendance and notification procedures. [Employee Access Only]

    First Aid: Heat Illness

    First Aid: Heat Illness

    First Aid

    Heat exhaustion starts slowly, but if it's not quickly treated it can progress to heatstroke. In heatstroke, a person's temperature reaches 105°F (40.5°C) or higher. Heatstroke requires immediate emergency medical care and can be fatal.

    Signs and Symptoms

    Of heat exhaustion:

    • increased thirst
    • weakness
    • fainting
    • muscle cramps
    • nausea and vomiting
    • irritability
    • headache
    • increased sweating
    • cool, clammy skin
    • elevation of body temperature, but to less than 105°F (40.5°C)

    Of heatstroke:

    • severe headache
    • weakness, dizziness
    • confusion
    • rapid breathing and heartbeat
    • loss of consciousness leading to coma
    • seizures
    • may not be sweating
    • flushed, hot, dry skin
    • elevation of body temperature to 105°F (40.5°C) or higher

    What to Do

    If your child has symptoms of heatstroke, seek emergency medical care immediately. In cases of heat exhaustion or while awaiting help for a child with possible heatstroke:

    • Bring the child indoors or into the shade immediately.
    • Undress the child.
    • Have the child lie down; elevate feet slightly.
    • If the child is alert, place in cool bath water. If outside, spray the child with mist from a garden hose.
    • If the child is alert and coherent, give frequent sips of cool, clear fluids.
    • If the child is vomiting, turn onto his or her side to prevent choking.

    Think Prevention!

    • Teach kids to always drink plenty of fluids before and during any activity in hot, sunny weather — even if they aren't thirsty.
    • Make sure kids wear light-colored, loose clothing in warm weather.
    • Don't let kids participate in heavy activity outdoors during the hottest hours of the day.
    • Teach kids to come indoors immediately whenever they feel overheated.

    Reviewed by: Steven Dowshen, MD
    Date reviewed: April 2014