atresia is a rare congenital disorder in which the esophagus does not develop
properly. This disorder is often detected before birth through ultrasound
examinations. If not, the disorder is diagnosed at birth.
percent of cases, the esophagus does not connect with the lower esophagus and
stomach. Sometimes the top of the esophagus connects with the windpipe and can
cause food to be whisked into the windpipe and can cause choking and gagging.
is usually performed to connect the esophagus with the stomach and upper
esophagus so that the baby can drink milk or formula and receive nutrition via their
mouths. In the cases where the esophagus is connected to the windpipe, it is
surgically disconnected to ensure that the child does not aspirate food into
their airways while eating or drinking.
usually recover from this four-hour, life-saving surgical procedure quite well
and are eating normally by the time they reach the age of one.
Learn more about Esophageal Atresia.